With the well-known TDA2030V integrated power amplifier in the Pentawatt package, it is easy to ‘activate’ a PC loudspeaker or upgrade the quality of an inexpensive active loudspeaker. The TDA2030 combines ease of use with low levels of harmonic and crossover distortion, and it also incorporates short circuit and thermal overload protection.
No creative brilliance is needed to arrive at the circuit shown in Figure 1, which is practically the same as the standard application circuit for single-supply operation as shown in the device data sheet from its manufacturer, ST Microelectronics:
The two resistors R1 and R3 set the operating point of the amplifier, and the non-inverting input is biased via R2. The audio signal reaches the power opamp via C1. The gain is determined by the ratio of R5 to R4. Capacitor C5, like C1, affects the lower roll-off frequency. The two diodes protect the IC against positive and negative spikes in the output signal. The RC network C6/R6 ensures stable operation of the amplifier in the high-frequency range. The load is connected via the output electrolytic capacitor C7.
In the datasheet, you can see which parameters change if you ‘play around’ with the values of the resistors and capacitors. Any individual speaker with an impedance of 4 to 8 Ω or a multi-way loudspeaker can be connected to the output. The maximum achievable power is 6 to 12 W, so a heat sink with a thermal resistance of 8.3 K/W to 4.2 K/W is mandatory.
The TDA2030 is a monolithic integrated circuit in the Pentawatt package, intended for use as a low frequency class-AB amplifier. Typically it provides 14 W output power (d = 0.5%) at 14 V/4 Ω. At ±14 V or 28 V, the guaranteed output power is 12 W on a 4 Ωload and 8 W on an 8 Ω (DIN45500). The TDA2030 provides high output current and has very low harmonic and crossover distortion.
- Wide-range supply voltage, up to 36 V
- Single or split power supply
- Short-circuit protection to ground
- Thermal shutdown