Antique Electric Doorbells and Interference Challenges
In apartment buildings where ancient electronic doorbell are still in use, the forceful impact of the Wagnerian hammer against the ‘sounding body’ leads to a shower of sparks. These sparks create interference pulses that infiltrate the bell network, causing substantial disruption to electronic doorbells. In some cases, this interference can even render them completely inoperable. If persuading your neighbor to switch to a modern system or implement noise suppression proves unsuccessful, an alternative solution is adopting the electronic doorbell detailed here. It possesses immunity against Electromagnetic Disturbance (EMD) and can function seamlessly despite the interference.
Circuit Design and Components
This circuit is constructed around a straightforward multivibrator stage, with a loudspeaker (8 Ω, 0.25 W) connected to it. Capacitor C4 acts as a barrier, ensuring direct current (dc) isolation between the multivibrator and the loudspeaker. The frequency of operation is dictated by the RC networks R2/C2 and R3/C3, approximately at 0.7 RC, which equals 2 kHz. The multivibrator stage derives its power from the bell transformer, necessitating the rectification of alternating current (ac) voltage via D3-D6. Zener diode D7 safeguards against voltage exceeding around 18 V. EMD immunity is established through the lowpass network R5/C1. Additionally, the bell can be muted using switch S2. In this scenario, pressing the bell button solely illuminates D1.
Astable Multivibrators and Their Applications
A multivibrator serves as an electronic circuit capable of functioning as various two-state devices, including relaxation oscillators, timers, and flip-flops. Astable multivibrators operate on the principle of slight variations in transistor characteristics, causing one transistor to activate faster than the other upon initial power application, initiating oscillations.
Astable Multivibrators find utility in delay and timing circuits and play a vital role in radio signal transmission and reception. In analog systems, monostable multivibrators are predominantly used to regulate signal frequency at the output. One of their key advantages is continuous operation, and they are relatively uncomplicated and cost-effective, making them financially advantageous.