The fuse monitor is a particular kind of protection relay that is employed when one signal controls multiple circuits or when a circuit is controlled by an independent, low-power signal. The use of a fuse monitor is found in monitoring fuses and in situations where it is necessary to regulate fuses’ activities.
When an appliance ceases to —K operate, there may be various causes for this, one of which is the blowing of the mains fuse. The monitor proposed here contains an LED that lights when that is the case. It is suitable for use with fuses rated from milliamperes to amperes. As long as the fuse is intact, the full mains voltage exists across C2-R3-D3. Capacitor C2 and resistor R2 serve to limit the base current of T1. Diode D3 prevents C2 from being charged, which would cause the base current to drop to zero rapidly. Capacitor C and resistor R2 limit the current through D1. while D2 ensures that the. the voltage across the LED does not exceed 2.7 V. At the same time, D2 prevents C1 from being charged. As long as the mains voltage exists at junction F1-C2. transistor T1 conducts and short-circuits D and D2. When F1 blows, T1 is switched off, whereupon current flows through D, and D2: the LED then lights.
Nesistoy must conform to relevant safety regulations. Furthermore, capacitors still carry two mains of voltage after the appliance is switched off. must become discharged (via RI) within a stipulated time. When the monitor is in use, remember at all Hines that certain of its parts are at, potentially lethal, mains voltage.
The fuse monitor resets automatically after the substitution of the fuse and has a clean contact for an output signal.
Microidea’s Fuse Monitor FGT works correctly even in critical situations, such as:
- Phases asymmetry
- Independence from the phases’ sequence
- Presence of harmonics
- Regenerated currents derived by motors