Oscillators Circuit Diagrams

# Simple Oscillator / Pipe Locator Schematic Circuit Diagram

Sometimes the need arises to construct a really simple oscillator. This could hardly be simpler than the circuit shown here, which uses just three components, and offers five separate octaves, beginning around Middle C (Stage 14). Octave # 5 is missing, due to the famous (or infamous) missing Stage 11 of the 4060B IC. We might call this a Colpitts ‘L’ oscillator, without the ‘C’. Due to the reactance of the 100-μH inductor and the propagation delay of the internal oscillator, oscillation is set up around 5 MHz. When this is divided down, Stage 14 approaches the frequency of Middle C (Middle C = 261.626 Hz). Stages 13, 12, 10, and 9 provide higher octaves, with Stages 8 to 4 being in the region of ultrasound.

If the oscillator’s output is taken to the aerial of a Medium Wave Radio, L1 may serve as the search coil of a Pipe Locator, with a range of about 50 mm. This is tuned by finding a suitable heterodyne (beat note) on the medium wave band. In that case, piezo sounder Bz1 is omitted. The Simple Oscillator / Pipe Locator draws around 7 mA from a 9- 12 V DC source.

An electronic oscillator is an electronic circuit that produces a periodic, oscillating electronic signal, often a sine wave or a square wave, or a triangle wave. Oscillators convert direct current from a power supply to an alternating current signal.
An oscillator is a mechanical or electronic device that works on the principles of oscillation: a periodic fluctuation between two things based on changes in energy. Computers, clocks, watches, radios, and metal detectors are among the many devices that use oscillators. Oscillators are essential components that produce a periodic electronic signal, typically a sine wave or square wave. Oscillators convert DC signals to periodic AC signals which can be used to set frequency, be used for audio applications, or used as a clock signal.
Many electronic oscillators work according to the same fundamental principle: an oscillator always employs a sensitive amplifier whose output is supplied back to the input in phase. Thus, the signal reforms and sustains itself. This is associated with positive feedback.
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