Temperature compensatedvoltage converter

Temperature to Current Converter

A handy electronic circuit known as a temperature-to-current converter circuit transforms temperature readings into matching electrical current outputs. This kind of circuit is frequently employed in industrial settings where temperature sensing is essential, such as temperature monitoring equipment and process control systems. A temperature-to-current converter’s circuit diagram typically includes the following significant elements:


Temperature-to-current converter Schematic diagram

Temperature Sensor:

  • A temperature sensor, such as a thermistor or a resistance temperature detector (RTD), is used to start the circuit. The resistance of the temperature sensor fluctuates with temperature, and this variation serves as the foundation for the current conversion.

Wheatstone Bridge:

  • A Wheatstone bridge design is utilized to precisely measure the resistance of the temperature sensor. The temperature sensor is one of the four resistors that make up the bridge. When there is no voltage present across the bridge’s output terminals, the bridge is balanced.

Operational Amplifier (Op-Amp):

  • The voltage difference generated by the Wheatstone bridge is amplified using an op-amp. Since the op-amp is linked in a non-inverting amplifier arrangement, the circuit gains gain by amplifying the tiny voltage signal.

Current Generator:

  • The op-amp’s amplified voltage is then put into a circuit for a current generator. Based on the input voltage, the current generator generates an output current that corresponds to it. Components made expressly for the current generation, like transistors or integrated circuits, can be used to accomplish this.

Output Load:

  • At the circuit’s conclusion, a load resistor is normally wired in series with the current generator. The output current is changed by the load resistor into a corresponding voltage that can be monitored or processed further by other circuits.

Overall, the circuit diagram for a temperature to current converter shows the essential elements needed to transform temperature observations into electrical current signals. This conversion offers reliable temperature monitoring and control in a variety of applications by integrating temperature sensors into larger electronic systems.



Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button